Beyond the Binary: Navigating Gender Diversity in Clinical Research

There are an estimated 1.6 million transgender people in the U.S. alone, with about 25% identifying as nonbinary. However, based on our research for the Beyond the Binary: Navigating Gender Diversity in Clinical Research report, we found that of the 141,000+ articles published on PubMed (a database of biomedical and life sciences literature) reporting interventional clinical trial results from 2018-2022, fewer than 1% reported study participation of transgender and nonbinary patients. We then set out to determine why this patient population is not being accurately represented in clinical research.

In this episode, Parexel subject matter experts – Rosamund Round, Vice President, Patient Engagement Center; Liam Paschall, Senior Consultant, Management Development; Amy McKee, M.D., Chief Medical Officer & Global Head, Oncology Center of Excellence – discuss the barriers faced by the transgender and nonbinary communities and provide recommendations for more gender-inclusive clinical trials. 


Return to Insights Center

Related Insights


Advancing health equity in clinical trials by addressing financial burden

Dec 1, 2023


Removing barriers through pragmatic clinical trials

Oct 12, 2023


How early-stage diversity strategies can save time and budget later

Oct 3, 2023


Australia: A highly attractive environment for drug development

Aug 24, 2023


A hybrid model supports globally diverse site participation for a retrospective cancer study

Jul 24, 2023


Population diversity: important considerations in vaccine development

Jun 14, 2023


Xoli Belgrave appointed to lead Parexel’s Clinical Trial Diversity, Equity & Inclusion strategy

Jan 10, 2023


Inclusion for all: Expanding trial accessibility for transgender and nonbinary patients

Sep 23, 2022


Toward more inclusive studies: Reaching and retaining patients from underrepresented communities

Apr 25, 2022


Decentrally Speaking | Episode 1: Optimizing Trial Inclusivity For Patients From Under-Represented Communities

Mar 22, 2022


Six steps to maximize inclusivity within medical communications | Part 1: Race and Ethnicity

Mar 3, 2022


CNS Summit Recap: The Future is Collaborative

Nov 22, 2021